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Adam 1.25, a Chatterbot for Windows


Artificial Intelligence, or AI for short, is a combination of computer science, physiology, and philosophy. AI is a broad topic, consisting of different fields, from machine vision to expert systems. The element that the fields of AI have in common is the creation of machines that can "think".

In order to classify machines as "thinking", it is necessary to define intelligence. To what degree does intelligence consist of, for example, solving complex problems, or making generalizations and relationships? And what about perception and comprehension? Research into the areas of learning, of language, and of sensory perception have aided scientists in building intelligent machines. One of the most challenging approaches facing experts is building systems that mimic the behavior of the human brain, made up of billions of neurons, and arguably the most complex matter in the universe. Perhaps the best way to gauge the intelligence of a machine is British computer scientist 's test. He stated that a computer would deserves to be called intelligent if it could deceive a human into believing that it was human.


Artificial Intelligence has come a long way from its early roots, driven by dedicated researchers. The beginnings of AI reach back before electronics, to philosophers and mathematicians such as Boole and others theorizing on principles that were used as the foundation of AI Logic. AI really began to intrigue researchers with the invention of the computer in 1943. The technology was finally available, or so it seemed, to simulate intelligent behavior. Over the next four decades, despite many stumbling blocks, AI has grown from a dozen researchers, to thousands of engineers and specialists; and from programs capable of playing checkers, to systems designed to diagnose disease.

AI has always been on the pioneering end of computer science. Advanced-level computer languages, as well as computer interfaces and word-processors owe their existence to the research into artificial intelligence. The theory and insights brought about by AI research will set the trend in the future of computing. The products available today are only bits and pieces of what are soon to follow, but they are a movement towards the future of artificial intelligence. The advancements in the quest for artificial intelligence have, and will continue to affect our jobs, our education, and our lives.


The Loebner Prize for artificial intelligence ( AI ) is the first formal instantiation of a Turing Test. The test is named after Alan Turingthe brilliant British mathematician. Among his many accomplishments was basic research in computing science. In 1950, in the article Computing Machinery and Intelligence which appeared in the philosophy journal Mind, Alan Turing asked the question "Can a Machine Think?" He answered in the affirmative, but a central question was: "If a computer could think, how could we tell?" Turing's suggestion was, that if the responses from the computer were indistinguishable from that of a human,the computer could be said to be thinking. This field is generally known as natural language processing.

In 1990 Hugh Loebner agreed with The Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies to underwrite a contest designed to implement the Turing Test. Dr. Loebner pledged a Grand Prize of $100,000 and a Gold Medal (pictured above) for the first computer whose responses were indistinguishable from a human's. Such a computer can be said "to think." Each year an annual prize of $2000 and a bronze medal is awarded to the most human-like computer. The winner of the annual contest is the best entry relative to other entries that year, irrespective of how good it is in an absolute sense.

Further information on the development of the Loebner Prize and the reasons for its existence is available in Loebner's article In Response to the article Lessons from aRestricted Turing Test by Stuart Shieber.

More details can be found here.


http://www.loebner.net/Prizef/loebner-prize.html





Articles

Why has Artificial intelligence failed so far?
Talks about the current state of AI, why it has failed and how an AI system could be built.

What makes you, you. Observations on Intelligence.
A discussion about the nature of you, what makes you unique. The article explains a formulae for a definition of "You".
 





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People in AI



 Simon, Herbert A. http://www.psy.cmu.edu/psy/faculty/hsimon/hsimon.html 
Late Professor at Carnegie Mellon University. One of the founders of Artificial Intelligence. Research mainly in modeling and simulation of human cognition.
 Norvig, Peter http://www.norvig.com 
Artificial Intelligence, natural language, Lisp and Java in AI. Computational Sciences Division, NASA Ames Research Center.
 Hearst, Marti http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~hearst/ 
University of California at Berkeley. Data mining, information retrieval, user interfaces, web search.
 Blum, Avrim http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~avrim/ 
Carnegie Mellon University. Interests include machine learning, approximation algorithms, on-line algorithms and planning systems. Online publications and talks.
 Horvitz, Eric http://research.microsoft.com/~horvitz/ 
Microsoft Research. Decision theory, reasoning systems, user modeling, reasoning under uncertainty.
 Allen, James F. http://www.cs.rochester.edu/users/faculty/james/ 
University of Rochester. Natural language understanding, discourse, knowledge representation, common-sense reasoning and planning.
 Honavar, Vasant http://www.cs.iastate.edu/~honavar/ 
Iowa State University. Machine learning, intelligent agents, information integration, probabilistic models, and bioinformatics and computational biology.
 Pennock, David M. http://dpennock.com/ 
Yahoo! Research Labs. Electronic commerce, internet statistics, uncertain reasoning, decision theory, market approaches to group coordination, multiagent systems.
 Manning, Christopher http://nlp.stanford.edu/~manning/ 
Stanford University. Probabilistic parsing, grammar induction, text categorization and clustering, electronic dictionaries, information extraction and presentation, and linguistic typology.
 Conitzer, Vincent http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~conitzer/ 
Carnegie Mellon School of Computer Science. Phd Student. Intersection of computer science and game theory, computer science and economics, multiagent systems, automated negotiation and contracting.
 Taatgen, Niels http://www.ai.rug.nl/~niels/ 
University of Groningen. Cognition, ACT-R, learning rules and productions.
 Harmelen, Frank van http://www.cs.vu.nl/~frankh/ 
Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam. Approximate reasoning, medical protocols, semantic web, specification languages for KBS.
 Charniak, Eugene http://www.cs.brown.edu/people/ec/ 
Brown University. Part-of-speech tagging, probabilistic context-free grammar induction, syntactic disambiguation through word statistics, efficient syntactic parsing, and lexical resource acquisition through statistical means.
 Roweis, Sam http://www.cs.toronto.edu/~roweis/ 
University of Toronto. Researcher in pattern recognition, neural networks, artificial intelligence.
 Bacchus, Fahiem http://www.cs.toronto.edu/~fbacchus/ 
University of Toronto. Planning systems, temporal logic, constraint satisfaction problems and formal models.
 Faltings, Boi http://liawww.epfl.ch/~faltings 
Director of Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, EPFL, President of Swiss AI Society. Software agents, constraint-based reasoning, case-based reasoning.
 Airoldi, Edoardo http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~airoldi/ 
Harvard University. Statistical and computational elements for the analysis of complex graphs and interacting dynamical systems, including yeast molecular biology and social networks. Overview of publications and activities.
 Meila, Marina http://www.stat.washington.edu/mmp/ 
University of Washington. Machine learning, probabilistic reasoning, graphical probability models, tree belief networks and mixtures of trees, maximum entropy discrimination, spectral clustering and image segmentation.
 Litman, Diane J. http://www.cs.pitt.edu/~litman/ 
University of Pittsburgh. Spoken dialogue for intelligent tutoring systems, reinforcement learning for optimizing spoken dialogue agents, prosodic analysis of misrecognitions and corrections, plan recognition.
 Littman, Michael http://athos.rutgers.edu/~mlittman/ 
Rutgers. Planning under uncertainty, markov decision processes, reinforcement learning, latent semantic indexing, text retrieval.
 Liu, Hugo http://larifari.org/ 
MIT Media Laboratory. Philosophically motivated AI, commonsense reasoning, aesthetics and AI, assistive software agents, lexical semantics, story understanding.
 Riazanov, Alexandre http://www.freewebs.com/riazanov/ 
Computer Scientist and Software Developer. Research interests: Automated Reasoning, Theorem Prover Vampire, Semantic Technologies, Semantic Web, Natural Language Processing.
 Clough, Paul D. http://ir.shef.ac.uk/cloughie/index.html 
University of Sheffield. Information retrieval.
 Frasconi, Paolo http://www.dsi.unifi.it/~paolo 
Università di Firenze. Machine learning for sequential and structured data, bioinformatics, text and natural language, pattern recognition.
 Koenig, Sven http://idm-lab.org/ 
University of Southern California. Decision making, situated agents, distributed agents.
 Nebel, Bernhard http://www.informatik.uni-freiburg.de/~nebel/ 
Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Freiburg, Germany. Professor. Knowledge representation, planning, and robotics, with an emphasis on robotic soccer.
 Grasso, Floriana http://www.csc.liv.ac.uk/~floriana/ 
University of Liverpool. Computational models of natural argument, affective natural language generation, conflict resolution.
 Dorigo, Marco http://iridia.ulb.ac.be/~mdorigo/ 
Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium. Research projects in Ant algorithms, metaheuristics for combinatorial optimization, robot shaping and behavior engineering.
 Grosz, Barbara http://www.eecs.harvard.edu/grosz/ 
Harvard University. Collaborative planning, SharedPlans model of collaboration, discourse structure, intonation, centering.
 Teuscher, Christof http://www.teuscher.ch/christof 
C.V., list of awards, publications, memberships, projects, and conferences. Interests in neural networks.
 Rudnicky, Alex http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs/user/air/WWW/HomePage.html 
Carnegie Mellon University. Speech recognition, CMU Communicator, dialog systems, speech agents.
 Moore, Johanna D. http://www.cogsci.ed.ac.uk/~jmoore/ 
University of Edinburgh. Computational modeling of tutorial dialogue, multimedia explanation, integrated techniques for interpretation and generation, patient education.
 Wahlster, Wolfgang http://www.dfki.de/~wahlster/ 
Universität des Saarlandes. Multimodal and perceptive user interfaces, user modeling, ambient intelligence, embodied conversational agents, smart navigation systems, semantic web services, and resource-adaptive cognitive technologies, VERMOBIL.
 Traum, David R. http://www.ict.usc.edu/~traum/ 
USC Institute for Creative Technology. Discourse structure. Grounding in discourse. Dialog and virtual reality agents.
 Treur, Jan http://www.cs.vu.nl/~treur/ 
professor of Artificial Intelligence at the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. Research interests include multi-agent systems, compositional modelling, temporal semantics, common sense and nonmonotonic reasoning.
 Tunstall-Pedoe, William http://www.williamtp.com/ 
Cambridge, England. Cryptic crossword solving; anagrams; search; computer chess; knowledge representation.
 Schütze, Hinrich http://gelbaugenpinguin.ims.uni-stuttgart.de/wiki/extern/HinrichSchuetze 
Stanford University. Statistical NLP, text mining, Co-author of "Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing" with Christopher Manning.
 Terveen, Loren http://www-users.cs.umn.edu/~terveen/ 
University of Minnesota. Computer-mediated communication, social data mining, computer-supported cooperative work, recommender system.
 Hoos, Holger H. http://www.cs.ubc.ca/~hoos 
University of British Columbia. Preference elicitation, dynamic constraint optimization, satisfiability problems in propositional logic, computational musicology.
 Gini, Maria http://www.cs.umn.edu/~gini 
University of Minnesota. Distributed intelligence, cooperation of miniature robots, robot navigation, multi-agent systems for e-commerce and supply-chain, economic agents.
 Beal, Matthew J. http://www.cse.buffalo.edu/faculty/mbeal 
University at Buffalo, SUNY. Nonparamtric Bayes, bioinformatics, HMMs, probablisitic sensor fusion.
 van Beek, Peter http://ai.uwaterloo.ca/~vanbeek/ 
University of Waterloo. Constraint programming, compiler optimization, and scheduling.
 Zhuang, Rick http://grads.ist.psu.edu/zzhuang/ 
Pennsylvania State University. Web information retrieval, web usage mining, search engines, semantic web.
 Harper, Mary http://yara.ecn.purdue.edu/~harper/ 
Purdue University. National Science Foundation. Integrating natural language and speech processing, prosodic analysis, statistical parsing, gesture and speech.
 Jurafsky, Dan http://www.colorado.edu/ling/jurafsky/ 
University of Colorado, Boulder. Latent semantic analysis, stochastic context-free grammars, pronunciation modeling, discourse tagging, bayesian models of sentence processing, co-author of "Speech and Language Processing" with James H. Martin.
 Vasishth, Shravan http://www.ling.uni-potsdam.de/~vasishth/ 
University of Potsdam. Abductive Inference Model, Hindi sentence processing, wide-coverage theories of sentence processing.
 McCoy, Kathleen http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mccoy/ 
University of Delaware. Rehabilitation engineering, writing tool for American Sign Language, natural language generation, text summarization, graph summarization.
 Léauté, Thomas http://homepage.mac.com/thomas.leaute/index.html 
European Space Agency. Agile systems, temporal planning.
 Mantaras, Ramon Lopez de http://www.iiia.csic.es/~mantaras 
Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) and Deputy Director of the Artificial Intelligence Research Institute of the CSIC. AI and music, qualitative approaches to landmark-based robot navigation.
 Clancey, William J. http://homepage.mac.com/WJClancey/~WJClancey/ 
NASA/Ames Research Center. Brahms multiagent simulation system, situated cognition, Haughton-Mars Project, human-centered computing.
 Hayes-Roth, Barbara http://www-ksl.stanford.edu/people/bhr/ 
Stanford University. Extempo Systems. Intelligent interactive characters, interactive story telling, adaptive intelligent agents.
 Ketter, Wolfgang http://www-users.cs.umn.edu/~ketter/ 
University of Minnesota. Computer science and economics, multiagent systems, automated negotiation and contracting.
 Conati, Cristina http://www.cs.ubc.ca/~conati/ 
University of British Columbia. User modeling, emotionally intelligent agents, adaptive user interfaces, Bayesian network student models.
 Novick, David http://www.cs.utep.edu/novick/ 
University of Texas at El Paso. Department of Computer Science Chair. Spoken dialog models, mediated communication, user interface development methodologies.
 Di Eugenio, Barbara http://www.cs.uic.edu/~bdieugen/ 
University of Illinois at Chicago. Interpretation and generation of instructional text, computational models of tutorial dialogue, modeling collaboration in human-human and computer-human dialogues, referential expressions.
 Dror, Gideon http://www2.mta.ac.il/~gideon/ 
Academic College of Tel-Aviv-Yaffo. Text categorization, machine learning applications in bioinformatics, medicine, machine vision and high energy physics, feature selection for categorization and regression problems, artificial neural networks.
 Martin, James http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~martin/ 
University of Colorado, Boulder. Empirical metaphor research, latent semantic analysis, information retrieval, co-author of "Speech and Language Processing" with Dan Jurafsky.
 Qu, Yan http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~yqu/ 
Carnegie Mellon University. Information retrieval, extraction and management, natural language processing, Chinese computing, dialog and discourse processing, machine translation, cooperative human-computer interaction.
 Jacob, Rob http://www.cs.tufts.edu/~jacob/ 
Tufts University. Human-computer interaction, tangible user interfaces, virtual environments, eye-gaze tracking.
 Xu, Ke http://www.nlsde.buaa.edu.cn/~kexu/ 
Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Design and analysis of algorithms, phase transitions, logic programming, data mining.
 Staab, Steffen http://www.uni-koblenz.de/~staab/ 
Research topics: semantic web, knowledge management, and natural language processing. List of his publications, projects, courses taught, contact information.
 Roberts, Steve http://www.robots.ox.ac.uk/~sjrob 
Oxford. Robotics Research Group. Machine learning, Bayesian learning, data-driven inference, signal and image processing, bioinformatics, computational and mathematical biology.
 Visser, Ubbo http://www.tzi.de/~visser/ 
TZI, University of Bremen. Knowledge representation and processing for the Semantic Web and multiagent systems in dynamic and real time environments.
 Goel, Ashok K. http://home.cc.gatech.edu/dil/3 
Georgia Tech. Knowledge-based reasoning and learning, design cognition and computing, creativity, self-adaptation.
 Loui, Ronald http://www.cs.wustl.edu/~loui/ 
Washington University in St. Louis. AI and the law, models of negotiation, modeling legal argument.
 Zillman, Marcus P. http://www.zillman.us 
Creator/Founder BotSpot.com, Executive Director Virtual Private Library
 Saffiotti, Alessandro http://aass.oru.se/~asaffio 
Head of the mobile robotics lab at Orebro University, Sweden. Research area: integration of cognition and physical embedding in autonomous robots.
 Brachman, Ron http://www.brachman.org/ 
Director of the Information Processing Technology Office (IPTO) at DARPA. Knowledge representation, machine learning, information retrieval, natural language processing.
 Carroll, John A. http://www.informatics.sussex.ac.uk/research/groups/nlp/carroll/ 
University of Sussex. Natural language parsing, acquisition of lexical information from text, automatic generation of text from semantic representations.
 Carberry, Sandra http://www.cis.udel.edu/~carberry/ 
University of Delaware. Department of Computer and Information Sciences Chair. Computational linguistics, dialog systems, machine learning, planning and plan recognition, medical informatics, user modeling.
 Weerdt, Mathijs de http://www.st.ewi.tudelft.nl/~mathijs 
Researcher in multi-agent planning at Delft University of Technology. Tutorial on multi-agent planning, list of own publications and publications related to distributed AI.
 Green, Nancy http://www.uncg.edu/~nlgreen/ 
University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Intelligent multimedia presentation systems, argumentation models, automatic generation of textual summaries of graphs, interactive narrative, conversation agents, user modeling.
 Pelikan, Martin http://www.cs.umsl.edu/~pelikan/ 
Director of the Missouri Estimation of Distribution Algorithms Laboratory (MEDAL), University of Missouri in St. Louis. Research interests: Evolutionary computation, Bayesian networks, machine learning.
 Raina, Rajat http://www.stanford.edu/~rajatr 
Stanford University. Question answering systems, machine learning, probabilistic models, robotics.
 Altman, Christopher http://altman.casimirinstitute.net/ 
Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology. Advanced research and development inititiates at the confluence of quantum mechanics and information science: superconducting quantum computing, superposed adaptive quantum networks.
 Turney, Peter D. http://www.apperceptual.com/ 
Interactive Information Group, National Research Council of Canada. Machine learning applied to natural language processing, lexical semantics from web mining, artificial life.
 Seneff, Stephanie http://www.sls.lcs.mit.edu/sls/people/seneff.shtml 
MIT Laboratory for Computer Science. Phonological modelling, auditory modelling, computer speech recognition, statistical language modelling, natural language understanding and generation, discourse and dialogue modelling, and prosodic analysis.
 Biermann, Alan W. http://www.cs.duke.edu/~awb 
Duke University. Computational linguistics, automatic programming and inference.
 Monz, Christof http://www.dcs.qmul.ac.uk/~christof/ 
Research interests: Computational Linguistics, Information Retrieval, Automated Deduction. Site lists on-line publications, projects, activities, and contact info.
 Guvenir, H. Altay http://www.cs.bilkent.edu.tr/~guvenir 
Bilkent University. Machine learning, data mining, and computer-aided language learning.
 Fournier-Viger, Philippe http://www.philippe-fournier-viger.com 
University of Quebec at Montreal. Learning objects, cognitive modelling, virtual learning environments and intelligent tutoring systems.
 Szalas, Andrzej http://www.ida.liu.se/~andsz/ 
College of Economics and Computer Science, Olsztyn, Poland. Unmanned aerial vehicles. Autonomous systems.
 Picard, Rosalind http://web.media.mit.edu/~picard/ 
MIT. Affective computing, texture and pattern modeling, video and image browsing, retrieval and annotation.
 Funge, John http://www.dgp.toronto.edu/~funge/ 
iKuni, Inc. Game AI, machine learning, and knowledge representation.
 Furcy, David http://www.uwosh.edu/faculty_staff/furcyd/ 
University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. Heuristic search, planning and re-planning, reinforcement learning.
 Thaler, Stephen http://www.imagination-engines.com/thaler.htm 
Researcher into neural networks and creativity.
 Lisetti, Christine http://www.cis.fiu.edu/~lisetti/ 
Florida International University. Emotional intelligence, computational models of emotions and affective processes, affective computing.
 Popple, James http://cs.anu.edu.au/~James.Popple/ 
Australian National University. Legal expert systems.
 Bahlmann, Claus http://lmb.informatik.uni-freiburg.de/people/bahlmann/index.en.html 
Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Germany, On-line handwriting recognition.
 Lambert, Lynn http://www.pcs.cnu.edu/~lambert/ 
Christopher Newport University. Natural language processing, planning and plan recognition, belief models, negotiation.
 Krogt, Roman van der http://roman.vanderkrogt.org/ 
Post-doctoral researcher at the Cork Constraint Computation Centre (4C). Working on multiagent planning methods as well as scheduling for manufacturing.
 Freeman, Richard http://www.rfreeman.net 
University of Manchester. Machine learning, knowledge management, data visualization, artificial intelligence and neural networks.
 Finn, Aidan http://www.aidanf.net 
School of Computer Science and Informatics, University College Dublin. Automated information extraction using convergent boundary classification, machine learning for automatic genre classification, active learning for information extraction.
 Katirai, Hooman http://www.mit.edu/~hooman/ 
MIT / Harvard. Machine learning applied to medicine, eHealth, and Electronic Medical Records (EHR) and Patient Health Records.
 Powers, David http://members.dodo.com.au/~powers/ 
The Flinders University of South Australia. Natural language learning, unsupervised learning, data mining, home automation, web search.
 Carreras, Xavier http://www.lsi.upc.edu/~carreras/ 
Universitat Politechnica de Catalunya, PhD student, machine learning, natural language processing.
 McRoy, Susan http://www.cs.uwm.edu/faculty/mcroy/ 
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Dialog theory, natural language generation, argumentation theory, intelligent tutoring systems.
 Delord, Christophe http://christophe.delord.free.fr 
ENSEEIHT, France, Computer Science engineer, Artificial Intelligence (dialogue simulation, speech acts, PROLOG), Python, lexical and syntactic parsing.
 Sastry, Kumara http://www.illigal.uiuc.edu/web/kumara/ 
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Ph.D. student. Genetic algorithms, competent GAs and efficiency-enhancement techniques with application in material sciences.
 Pellier, Damien http://www.math-info.univ-paris5.fr/~pellier/ 
CRIP5 - Paris 5 Laboratory. Multi-agent systems, planning and scheduling, distributed problem solving, cooperative robotics.
 Branting, L. Karl http://www.karlbranting.net 
LiveWire Logic, Inc. Empirical methods of natural language processing, case-based reasoning, AI and law, ecological and environmental applications of AI.
 Dyke, James http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Users/jgd20/ 
University of Sussex. Daisyworld, gaia, mep, artificial life, theoretical biology, robotics and evolutionary theory.
 Schubert, Johan http://www.foa.se/fusion/ 
Research on belief functions, clustering, neural networks, fusion. Defense Research Establishment.
 Chiang, Yao-Yi http://www.yoyoi.info 
Geosemble Technologies. Computer vision, image processing, pattern recognition, geospatial information integration.
 Cer, Daniel http://cer.freeshell.org 
University of Colorado - Boulder. Acoustic and lexical features of emphatic speech.
 Ward, Karen http://www.cs.utep.edu/kward/ 
University of Texas at El Paso. Acknowledgments in human-computer interaction, multimodal interfaces, speech acts.
 van Schooten, Boris http://wwwhome.cs.utwente.nl/~schooten/ 
University of Twente. Interaction models in (spoken) dialogue systems, specification techniques and multimodal systems and virtual environments, multiagent virtual environments.
 van Delden, Sebastian http://www.cs.ucf.edu/~sdelden 
University of Central Florida. Partial parsing, natural language information retrieval systems, learning WordNet-based classification rules.
 Kurban, Rifat http://www.rifatkurban.name.tr 
Erciyes University. Artificial neural networks, speech processing, digital signal processing, speaker recognition, image processing.
 Reitter, David http://www.david-reitter.com/compling/ 
University of Edinburgh. Multimodal systems, natural language generation, structural priming/alignment in dialogue, rhetorical analysis.
 Lester, James http://www4.ncsu.edu/~lester/imedia/james.html 
North Carolina State University. Intellimedia initiative, animated pedagogical agents, 3D learning environments, natural language generation.
 Cortes, Nareli Cruz http://computacion.cs.cinvestav.mx/~nareli 
CINVESTAV-IPN. Artificial immune system optimization, genetic algorithms, evolutionary computation.
 Mitrovic, Nikola http://www.cps.unizar.es/~mitrovic 
University of Zaragoza. Ph.D. student. Mobile agents, intelligent user interfaces, adaptive user interfaces, mobile applications.
 Dorst, Leo http://staff.science.uva.nl/~leo/ 
University of Amsterdam. Applications of geometric (Clifford) algebra, exploration, reasoning with uncertainty in robotics.
 Danescu, Radu http://users.utcluj.ro/~rdanescu 
Technical University of Cluj. Image processing, stereovision, intelligent vehicles.
 McTear, Mike http://www.infj.ulst.ac.uk/~cbdg23/ 
University of Ulster at Jordanstown. Dialogue modelling, natural language processing, computational linguistics, user modelling.
 Smith, Ronnie W. http://www.cs.ecu.edu/~rws/ 
East Carolina University. Spoken natural language dialog systems, dialog repairs, mixed-initiative, adaptive user interfaces.
 Galassi, Ugo http://www.ugogalassi.net 
University of Eastern Piedmont. User profiling, hierarchical HMMs, learning regular expressions.
 Benjamin, D. Paul http://csis.pace.edu/~benjamin/ 
Pace University. Problem decomposition and theory reformulation, integrated cognitive architectures for autonomous robots, distributed constraint satisfaction problems, semigroup theory and dynamical systems, category theory in software design.
 Guinn, Curry I. http://people.uncw.edu/guinnc 
University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Natural language processing, spoken dialog systems, conversational agents, affective computing.
 Chavez, Guillermo Camara http://www.dcc.ufmg.br/~gcamarac 
Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil. Pattern recognition, invariante pattern recognition, neural networks, image content-base retrieval, digital image processing, computer vision.
 Carpenter, Julie http://www.jgcarpenter.com/ 
University of Washington (Educational Psychology/Learning Sciences/LIFE Center). Human-robot attachment; robot-human interaction in stressful conditions, especially in dyad teamwork or collaborative situations.
 Tagliarini, Gene http://people.uncw.edu/tagliarinig/home.htm 
University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Classification of sonar returns, fingerprint matching, image compression, and constraint satisfaction.
 Alkhalifa, Eshaa http://www.silvertair.com 
University of Bahrain. Multimedia adaptable intelligent tutoring systems, student modeling, cognitive style.
 Liu, Jundong http://ace.cs.ohiou.edu/~liu 
Ohio University. School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. Medical image analysis, computer vision.
 Tack, Werner H. http://www.uni-saarland.de/fak5/cmm/tack.htm 
Universität des Saarlandes. ACT-R cognitive modeling.
 Vyas, Amrish http://userpages.umbc.edu/~amrish1/home.htm 
University of Maryland at Baltimore County. Intelligent agents in eBusiness, adaptive agents.
 Makris, Dimitrios http://staffnet.kingston.ac.uk/~ku32195/ 
Kingston University. Senior lecturer and member of the Digital Imaging Research Centre. Research in 3D pose recovery, motion analysis and multi-camera tracking.
 Zytnicki, Matthias http://www.inra.fr/internet/Departements/MIA/T/zytnicki/ 
INRA Toulouse. Bioinformatics, weighted constraint satisfaction problems, non-coding RNAs.
 Musick, Ron http://home.comcast.net/~crmusick/ 
iKuni Inc. Automated induction, machine learning, and scientific data management.
 Geczy, Peter http://www.brain.riken.jp/labs/mns/geczy/ 
RIKEN Brain Science Institute. Neural networks, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, fuzzy logic, rule acquisition, rule extraction from neural networks, Autonomous Connectionistic Engine (ACE), neural network resources.
 Lin, Fan http://www.lfan.net/ 
Department of Computer Science and Technology, Tsinghua University, Maryland University, machine learning, data mining. Ph.D. student.
 Pietruszkiewicz, Wieslaw http://www.pietruszkiewicz.com 
Szczecin Technical University (Poland). Machine learning and knowledge (data) mining, optimal (kalman) filtering, expert and decision support systems.
 Kamovich, Aliaksander http://sites.google.com/site/kamovich/ 
Minsk, Belarus. Automatic image stitching, target tracking, ICA and PCA compression
 Swarup, Samarth http://www.uiuc.edu/~swarup 
University of Illinois. Cumulative (lifelong, multi-task) learning and evolution of language.
 Elliott, Clark http://condor.depaul.edu/~elliott/ 
DePaul University. Affective reasoning, synthetic characters, animated tutoring agents, emotion representation.
 Pizzuti, Stefano http://home.tele2.it/stefanopizzuti/ 
ENEA. Evolutionary algorithms, fuzzy logic based systems, evolutionary neural networks. Application to financial and energy industrial problems.
 Cassell, Justine http://web.media.mit.edu/~justine/ 
MIT Media Lab. Gesture and narrative language, animated agents, intonation, facial expression, computer vision.
 Sayan, Ömer Fatih http://www.cogsci.uni-osnabrueck.de/~osayan/ 
University of Osnabrück. Emotion recognition, emotive behavior, mental models, unconscious processes, rule- and pattern-based mechanisms.
 Angele, Jürgen http://www.ontoprise.de/members/angele/publications.htm 
Ontoprise. Knowledge engineering, domain and task modeling, ontologies, KARL, MIKE, web portals.

Burke, Daniel http://www.danielburke.com
University of Kent. Natural Language comprehension, Chatbots and machine translation.
 Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo http://www.ksl.stanford.edu/people/pp/ 
Stanford University. Explanations for semantic web tasks, semantic web tools and infrastructure, model-based user interfaces, formal specification and verification of interactive systems.
 Wilks, Yorick http://www.dcs.shef.ac.uk/~yorick/ 
University of Sheffield. Computational pragmatics, belief modeling, lexicons, information extraction.
 McGuinness, Deborah http://www.ksl.stanford.edu/people/dlm/ 
Researcher in Knowledge Representation and Reasoning Systems. Co-designer and developer of CLASSIC and Chimaera among others. Associate Director of the Knowledge Systems Laboratory at Stanford University.
 Goyal, Ram Dayal http://www.rdgoyal.freehomepage.com 
Intigma India. Data mining, natural language processing, data mining, neural networks, image processing.
 Hotho, Andreas http://www.aifb.uni-karlsruhe.de/WBS/aho/ 
University of Karlsruhe, AIFB. Text, data and web mining especially in text clustering, semantic web mining, knowledge management.
 Massa, Paolo http://sra.itc.it/people/massa/index.html 
Phd student at Istituto per la Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica (IRST) in Italy.
 Kadri, Faisal http://www3.sympatico.ca/flkadri/Index.html 
Affective computing, computational models of human emotion.
 Planes, Jordi http://fermat.eps.udl.es/~jordi/ 
Escola Universitària Politècnica. Max-SAT, smart cards.
 Forbus, Kenneth http://www.cs.northwestern.edu/~forbus/index.html 
Northwestern University. Qualitative physics, spatial reasoning, cognitive simulation of analogical processing.
 McDermott, Drew http://www.acm.org/crossroads/xrds3-1/interview.html 
Includes work in logic, planning, and robotics, also known for his blunt public appraisals of the state of AI research. Interviewed in Crossroads, the student magazine of the ACM.
 Lavoie, Benoit http://www.benoit-lavoie.ca 
University of Quebec at Montreal. Intelligent tutoring systems, semantic web, question-answer systems, translation, natural language generation.